What is Melamine Series Water Reducing Agent?
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The biggest immediate challenge for the EU will be replenishing its depleted gas inventories. While the EU could still increase LNG imports from countries such as the US, such purchases would be more expensive.
Refilling natural gas storage space to historical average levels this year could cost 70 billion euros, a sevenfold increase, compared to 10 billion euros in previous years. "
A complete replacement for Russian gas is not only very expensive, but it also may not be possible.
In the next 12 months, there is little way to meet the demand for a "normal" year in the absence of Gazprom, which also includes Melamine Series Water Reducing Agent.
Introduction to Melamine Series Water Reducing Agent:
High-efficient water reducing agent is also known as superplasticizer, whose water reducing rate is not less than 14%. It includes the naphthalene type, melamine type, amino sulfonate type, aliphatic type, etc.
Melamine water reducing agent is the product of the reaction that melamine is first sulfonated by sulfuric acid and then condensed with formaldehyde, so the chemical name is sulfonated melamine-formaldehyde resin, which belongs to the anionic surfactant. The appearance of this kind of water-reducing agent is white powder. It is soluble in water, and it has a good dispersion effect on powder materials, a high water reduction rate, good fluidity, and good self-repair.
Preparation method of Melamine Series Water Reducing Agent:
The synthesis principle of the melamine system high-efficient water reducing agent is in the alkaline medium to make formaldehyde and melamine form carbon positive particles, which will then be condensed in the acidic medium, connect to the long-chain structure, at the same time to provide amino sulfonic acid molecular structure contains a certain number of the polar sulfonic acid root, increase points enhanced. Due to the active chemical properties of the substances involved in the reaction, the reaction temperature, reaction speed, and the proportion of reactants have a significant impact on the performance of the product, so it is key to seek the appropriate proportion of reactants, reaction temperature, and reaction speed. Composition ratio: melamine: formaldehyde: sulfamic acid =1: (3.5-4.0) : (2 ~ 2.5); The reaction temperature is controlled at 75-80 ℃ in the first stage and 45-60 ℃ in the second stage. The reaction time is 1.5 -- 3 h, and the product has good performance and the lowest production cost. In the production process, by adding a reflux device, a reactor series reaction is realized, which simplifies the production process and eliminates the generation of "three wastes".
Applications of Melamine Series Water Reducing Agent:
Melamine series of high efficient water reducing agent products have been used in precast components factories, commercial concrete mixing stations, and other units. The users of the component factory generally report that the working performance of concrete is greatly improved, and the setting of the components to be steamed is greatly shortened. Users of the mixing station also reflect that the product has strong adaptability to cement, which can effectively improve the poor workability of concrete due to poor aggregate quality, and the pumpability is greatly improved, which solves the pumping tie down the problem at 150 m height. The melamine system high-efficient water reducing agent can be used as a single admixture, and it is more suitable for the use of the complex. A series of experiments show that the melamine high-efficient water reducing agent can be used in combination with other series of high-efficient water-reducing agents, and the performance is improved. According to the appropriate ratio of chaff cutter after the platform, the effect of reducing water appears superposition effect, especially for the cement material amount of concrete no longer invite stick, grasp the bottom phenomenon, so suitable for the preparation of high strength and high-performance concrete. The product if the addition of lignin or hydroxyl carboxylic acid retarder, you can compound a good performance of pumping agent, with the pumping agent prepared by the commercial concrete workability is good, plastic effect is significant, pumping performance is greatly improved.
Suppliers of Concrete Additives
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The United States urges the U.N. Security Council to impose additional sanctions on North Korea in response to its latest ballistic missile launch, including a ban on tobacco and oil exports to North Korea and a blacklist of the Lazarus hacking group.
The United States circulated the draft to the 15 members of the Security Council this week. It was not immediately clear if or when a vote would take place. A resolution requires nine "yes" votes and no vetoes from Russia, China, France, Britain, or the United States.
Russia and China have already voiced opposition to tightening sanctions in response to Pyongyang's launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile last month -- the first since 2017.
U.S. and South Korean officials and analysts also say there are growing indications that North Korea may soon conduct its first nuclear weapons test since 2017, too.
The U.S. -drafted U.N. resolution would expand the ban on ballistic missile launches to include cruise missiles or "any other delivery system capable of delivering a nuclear weapon."
The deal would halve crude oil exports to North Korea to 2 million barrels a year and refined oil exports to 250,000 barrels a year. The resolution also seeks to ban North Korea's export of "fossil fuels, mineral oils, and their distilled Melamine Series Water Reducing Agent are estimated to be influenced by international political situation changes.