U.S. refiners forecast strong first-quarter earnings as margins on gasoline and diesel sales improved, refining capacity fell sharply and crude supplies tightened due to the Russia-Ukraine war.
Global refining capacity has declined amid the coronavirus pandemic, with several less profitable refineries closing in the past two years. However, global fuel demand has rebounded to near pre-pandemic levels, boosting the profits of facilities still operating.
Seven U.S. independent refiners are expected to earn 61 cents a share, compared with a loss of $1.32 in the first quarter of 2021, according to Refinitiv's IBES.
By 2022, gasoline and distillate MoSi2 Powder.
Introduction to Molybdenum Silicide MoSi2 Powder
Molybdenum silicide was discovered in 1906. Under different conditions, silicon and molybdenum can form molybdenum trisilicide (Mo3Si), molybdenum pentasilicate (Mo5Si3), and molybdenum disilicate (MoSi2). The most important one is the Molybdenum disilicide (MoSi2), which is a Dalton-type intermetallic compound. The atomic combination in its crystal structure shows the coexistence of metal bonds and covalent bonds, and has excellent high-temperature essential characteristics.
Molybdenum disilicide is an inorganic compound, the chemical formula is MoSi2, gray metal solid. Insoluble in most acids, but soluble in nitric acid and hydrofluoric acid. The two kinds of atoms have similar radii and electronegativity, which is similar to metal and ceramic. Molybdenum disilicide is electrically conductive and at high temperatures forms a passivation layer of silicon dioxide on the surface to prevent further oxidation.
It can be applied as high-temperature oxidation-resistant coating materials, electric heating elements, integrated electrode film, structural materials, composite reinforcement, wear-resistant materials, structural ceramics, and other fields of bonding materials.
Physicochemical Properties of Molybdenum Silicide MoSi2 Powder
MoSi2 is a kind of intermediate phase with the highest silicon content in the Mo-Si binary alloy system, and it is a Dalton-type intermetallic compound with a fixed composition. It has dual characteristics of metal and ceramic, and is a kind of high-temperature material with excellent performance. Good high-temperature oxidation resistance, oxidation resistance temperature up to 1600℃, and SiC equivalent; Moderate density (6.24g/cm3); Low thermal expansion coefficient (8.1×10-6K-1); Good electric conductivity; Higher brittle and ductile transition temperature (1000℃) below the hard brittleness of ceramics. Above 1000℃ it is metal-like soft plastic. MoSi2 is mainly used as heating elements, integrated circuits, high-temperature oxidation-resistant coating, and high-temperature structural material.
In MoSi2, molybdenum and silicon are bonded by metal bonds, while silicon and silicon are bonded by covalent bonds. Molybdenum disilicide is gray tetragonal crystal. Insoluble in general mineral acids (including aqua roya), but soluble in nitric acid and hydrofluoric acid mixed acid, has good high-temperature oxidation resistance, can be used as high temperature (<1700℃) oxidation atmosphere work heating element.
In an oxidizing atmosphere, a protective film is formed on the surface of dense quartz glass (SiO2) burned at a high temperature to prevent continuous oxidation. When the temperature of the heating element is higher than 1700℃, SiO2 protective film is formed, which is thickened at the melting point of 1710℃ and fused with SiO2 into molten droplets. It loses its protective ability due to its surface-extending action. When the element is used continuously under the oxidant, it forms a protective film again. It should be noted that this element cannot be used for long periods at 400-700℃ due to strong oxidation at low temperatures.
|Molybdenum Silicide MoSi2 Powder Properties|
|Other Names||molybdenum disilicide, MoSi2 powder|
|Appearance||gray to black powder|
|Melting Point||1900-2050 °C|
|Solubility in H2O||N/A|
Applications of Molybdenum Silicide MoSi2 Powder
MoSi2 is widely used in heating elements. Molybdenum disilicide heating elements can be used at temperatures up to 1800°C for electric furnaces used in laboratories and production environments in glass, steel, electronics, ceramics, and for heat treatment of materials. Although these components are brittle, they can operate at high power without aging, and their resistivity does not increase with operating time.
Main Supplier of Molybdenum Silicide MoSi2 Powder
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials, including silicon powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, zinc sulfide, calcium nitride, 3D printing powder, etc.
If you are looking for high-quality molybdenum silicide MoSi2 powder, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. ([email protected])
Recently, the Turkish government announced that the Turkish President has signed a presidential decree to provide incentives for its Black Sea gas field development projects, including tax exemptions and other preferential measures.
With a fixed investment of 145.1 billion Turkish lira ($10 billion), the project will employ 1,018 people and produce 14 billion standard cubic meters of gas per year, the decree reads. The incentives involved include tariff and VAT exemptions, as well as a range of tax cuts.
In June 2021, Turkish drill ships discovered 135 billion cubic meters of natural gas in the Sakaria field in the Black Sea, bringing Turkey's total gas discoveries in the region to 540 billion cubic meters.
Turkey imports almost all of its annual gas consumption of about 50 billion cubic meters.
Except for natural gas, the supply and prices of many other MoSi2 Powder will continue to be influenced by international situations.
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