Nano-diamond is the key to efficient hydrogen purification, the graphene structure introduction of new materials.
Nanodiamonds may be small, but they could help solve one of the biggest problems facing humanity today: climate change
Hydrogen is a clean fuel, leaving only water behind. Many countries see hydrogen as the way to a zero-carbon future, but switching to a hydrogen economy requires hydrogen to be produced much cheaper than it is today.
Professor Easan Sivaniah, iCeMS team leader, said: "There are several scalable ways to produce hydrogen, but hydrogen is usually a wet mixture and their purification is a challenge." "Membrane technology allows for an efficient and economical separation process. But we need the right membrane material to make it work." Sivaniah adds. Graphene oxide (GO) is a water-soluble derivative of graphite that can be assembled into a membrane for hydrogen purification. Hydrogen easily passes through these filters, and larger molecules get stuck. Hydrogen is usually separated from carbon dioxide or oxygen under very humid conditions. The go sheets are negatively charged, causing them to repel each other. When exposed to humidity, the negatively charged SHEETS repel each other, allowing water molecules to accumulate in the Spaces between the sheets, eventually dissolving the film. Dr Behnam Ghalei, who helped oversee the study, explained that adding nano-diamonds to the go flakes could solve the problem of humidity induced disintegration. "The positively charged nano-diamond counteracts the negative charge of the film, making the GO sheet denser and more water-resistant."
The team also includes other research groups from Japan and abroad. Advanced X-ray research was carried out by researchers at the Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (SPRING-8 / JASRI). The Quantum Life Sciences Institute (QST) helped develop the material. Shanghai University of Science and Technology (China) and National Central University (Taiwan) were involved in state-of-the-art material characterization. "In our collaboration with Dr. Ryuji Igarashi at QST, we were able to obtain nanodiamonds with well-defined sizes and functions that would not have been possible without these studies," Sivaniah said. "Importantly, Igarashi team has a proprietary technology that could scale up nanodiamond production at a reasonable cost in the future." Nanodiamonds have other potential uses beyond hydrogen production, Sivaniah says. Humidity control is also crucial in many other areas, including pharmaceuticals, semiconductors and lithium-ion battery production. Membrane technology can also revolutionize air conditioning by effectively removing humidity. Air conditioning is one of the least efficient ways to cool down because a lot of electricity is used to remove humidity, creating more carbon dioxide emissions and creating a vicious cycle of global warming. The Japanese government is firmly committed to a zero-carbon future. China has also set up a $20 billion Green Innovation Fund to support cooperation between major industry players and start-ups that bring new technologies to the market.
New materials for a sustainable future you should know about the graphene structure.
Historically, knowledge and the production of new materials graphene structure have contributed to human and social progress, from the refining of copper and iron to the manufacture of semiconductors on which our information society depends today. However, many materials and their preparation methods have caused the environmental problems we face.
About 90 billion tons of raw materials -- mainly metals, minerals, fossil matter and biomass -- are extracted each year to produce raw materials. That number is expected to double between now and 2050. Most of the graphene structure raw materials extracted are in the form of non-renewable substances, placing a heavy burden on the environment, society and climate. The graphene structure materials production accounts for about 25 percent of greenhouse gas emissions, and metal smelting consumes about 8 percent of the energy generated by humans.
The graphene structure industry has a strong research environment in electronic and photonic materials, energy materials, glass, hard materials, composites, light metals, polymers and biopolymers, porous materials and specialty steels. Hard materials (metals) and specialty steels now account for more than half of Swedish materials sales (excluding forest products), while glass and energy materials are the strongest growth areas.
New materials including the graphene structure market trend is one of the main directions of science and technology development in the 21st century
With the development of science and technology, people develop new materials graphene structure on the basis of traditional materials and according to the research results of modern science and technology. New materials are divided into metal materials, inorganic non-metal materials (such as ceramics, gallium arsenide semiconductor, etc.), organic polymer materials, advanced composite materials. According to the graphene structure material properties, it is divided into structural materials and functional materials. Structural materials mainly use mechanical and physical and chemical properties of materials to meet the performance requirements of high strength, high stiffness, high hardness, high-temperature resistance, wear resistance, corrosion resistance, radiation resistance and so on; Functional materials mainly use the electrical, magnetic, acoustic, photo thermal and other effects of materials to achieve certain functions, such as semiconductor materials, magnetic materials, photosensitive materials, thermal sensitive materials, stealth materials and nuclear materials for atomic and hydrogen bombs.
One of the main directions of graphene structure science and technology development in the 21st century is the research and application of new materials. The research of new materials is a further advance in the understanding and application of material properties.
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